— Projects —

Current Projects

Definition and measurement instruments of occupational balance

Occupational therapists use different measures and methods to maintain, regain and improve the occupational balance of their patients and clients. Occupational balance is the satisfaction with everything that individuals do, have to or want to do.

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Knowledge of existing occupational balance measurement instruments enables occupational therapists to select a measurement instrument that is appropriate for the person and the purpose. Based on this information, occupational therapists can systematically assess their patients’ and clients’ occupational balance, identify possible intervention needs and evaluate the effectiveness of delivered interventions. The overview on existing occupational balance definitions and measurement instruments could also be used by occupational therapists for teaching and research purposes. The aim of the project is to identify new measurement instruments for the assessment of occupational balance, to investigate their contents and to compare them with existing definitions, following the methodological approach of Dür and colleagues (2015).

Project type: Funded research project

Project management: Mona Dür, PhD, MSc

Funding provider: Ergotherapie Austria

Duration: 2021 - 2023

Occupational Balance of informal caregivers after installing professional care

Experts estimate that in Austria about every fourth family cares for close family members, friends, or acquaintances. Informal caregivers are people from the family, friends or acquaintances of the person being cared for, who look after and support them.

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Occupational balance, the satisfaction with what is done, must be done, and should be done, can be restricted by informal caregiving. The use of professional care services could lead to a change in occupational balance among informal caregivers. The aim of this research project is to investigate how occupational balance of informal caregiver changes through utilisation of professional care services. A quantitative study design, a panel design, is used to examine informal caregivers’ occupational balance after utilisation of professional care over time. The research project is carried out in cooperation with the Niederösterreichisches Hilfswerk and is based exclusively on the use of own funds. This research project provides a first insight into the impact of the use of professional care on the activity balance of family caregivers.

Project type: Non-profit research project

Project management: Mona Dür, PhD, MSc

Project partner: Niederösterreichisches Hilfswerk Betriebs GmbH

Duration: 2022 - 2023

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Occupational Balance in Informal Caregivers (OBI-Care)

Occupational balance is an important construct of occupational therapy. Occupational balance is the satisfaction with what people do, want, and have to do. Occupational balance is linked to health and wellbeing and changes over the life course.

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For example, giving informal care for close persons, such as caring for children with special needs, can lead to a change of occupational balance. Taking over caring tasks for others leads to a change of the caregiver’s occupational repertoire, which can subsequently lead to a change in caregiver’s occupational balance. Due to medical progress and demographic change, the number of people with a need for care is increasing sharply worldwide. Hence, it is important to assess occupational balance in informal caregivers in a valid and reliable way.

Recently, a self-reported outcome measure, the OBI-Care questionnaire, has been developed to assess occupational balance in informal care givers. The OBI-Care is available in German and English, there is no Turkish version yet. The aims of the current study are to translate the OBI-Care into Turkish and to explore is validity and reliability. Parents of premature infants (born before 37 weeks of gestation) with very low birth weight (≤ 1500 grams) are asked to complete the OBI-Care. These data will then be used to explore the validity and reliability of the Turkish OBI-Care. The study will be conducted at the University of Health Sciences of Turkey, Faculty of Gülhane Health Sciences, Department of Occupational Therapy in collaboration with Duervation.

Project type: Non-profit research project

Project managment: University of Health Sciences of Turkey, Faculty of Gülhane Health Sciences, Department of Occupational Therapy

Project partner: Mona Dür, PhD, MSc

Duration: 2022